A/B Behavioral Pattern Scale (ABBPS)

A/B Behavioral Pattern Scale (ABBPS)



In general, personality refers to the quality of an individual, or characteristic configuration of behavioral response pattern that each person evolves as a reflection of his/her individual adjustment to life. Personality is the fundamental to the study of psychology. The major system evolved by psychiatrists and psychologist since Sigmund Freud to explain human mental and behavioral process can be considered theories of personality. These theories generally provide way of describing personal individual differences, characteristics and behavior, establish an overall framework for organizing a wide range of information and addresses such issues as individual differences, personality development from birth through adulthood and the causes, nature and treatment of psychological disorder. Personality defines as a whole person rather than just as a biological description of hair, weight, eyes, color of skin, appearance etc. It is a total quality of an individual as it is shown in habits of thinking in his behavior and the characteristics combination of the behavior distinguish one individual from another giving each a unique personality and identify. Overall personality is the sum total of the typical way of thinking and feeling that makes each person unique. According to Wordsworth, “Personality means the total quality of an individual ‘behavior.”According to Taylor “Personality refers to the aggregate of physical and mental quality of individuals as these interact function in characteristics fashion with his environment.”

Behavior is the range of actions and mannerisms made by individuals, organism, system, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether internal or external, conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary. Human behavior is believed to be influenced by the endocrine system and the nervous system. It is most commonly believed that complexity in the behavior of an organism is correlated to the complexity of its nervous system. Generally, organisms with more complex nervous systems have a greater capacity to learn new responses and thus adjust their behavior.

A simple divisions of preference or personality type is into Type A and Type B. which is based broadly on anxiety and stress levels.

Type-A Personality

Type-A personality generally lives at a higher stress level. They enjoy achievement of goals, with greater enjoyment in achieving of more difficult goals. They are thus constantly working hard to achieve these. They find it difficult to stop, even when they have achieved goals. They feel the pressure of time, constantly working flat out.   They are highly competitive and will, if necessary create competition. They hate failure and will work hard to avoid it. They are generally pretty fit and often well-educated (a result of their anxiety).

Type-B Personality

Type B personality generally lives at a lower stress level. They work steadily, enjoying achievement but not becoming stressed when they are not achieved. When faced with competition, they do not mind loosing and either enjoy the game or back down. They may be creative and enjoying exploring ideas and concepts. They are often reflective, thinking about the outer and inner worlds.


To find out behavior pattern of a subject using A/B Behavioral Pattern Scale (ABBPS).

General Information of the Subject:

Name Sushil Lama
Age 25
Sex Male
Marital Status Unmarried
Address Kathmandu
Occupation Police personnel
Academic Qualification Bachelor Degree
Physical & Mental Health Mentally Sound & physically fit
Date of Test 10 May 2018
Time 2 PM
Location Metropolitan police office, Ranipokhari


Used Test and Materials

  • A consumable booklet of ABBPS
  • Manual for type A/B Behavior pattern
  • Scale
  • Paper
  • Pencil, pen & eraser
  • Table, Desk & Chair

Test Description

Test ABBPS was introduced by Mr. Upindher Dhar, Director of Prestige Institute of Management and Research to Education and Health Sector, Scheme 54, Indore-452010 And Manisha Jain Counsellor of the same organization Estd. 1983 ANKUR psychological Agency.

In the test one tries to identify the behavioral pattern of the subject either as type A or type B, on the basis of score on the both part test i.e. part I & part II.

In Part I there are 17 question having six factors and in part II there are 16 questions having five factors. In both part subject scores different score in both part.

Test Administration

Test was conducted in the room where rapport was build up so that subject feel comfort. After preparing necessary equipment’s and atmosphere the subject was given following instructions:


“This scale has two part I and II, former part contains 17 statements whereas later one contain 16 statements related to various behavioral experience in day to day life. You have to read each statement carefully and make your response by making tick mark against the cell indicating degree of five alternative as “strongly agree, agree, uncertain, disagree, and strongly disagree.” As all statements are related to your views there is no right or wrong response, therefore be honest in making your preference and responses are kept confidential

After given proper instructions, the test was conducted, when the subject finished his task he was requested foe introspective report and released from lab room with thanks.

Introspective report

“I found test is interesting and exciting the questions were very clear and easy since every question had common options. Somewhere I felt like questions were repeated but overall I enjoyed the questionnaire.”

Scoring & interpretation.

Type A

Factors Group Division Normal




Tenseness I 9-15 12 Normal
Impatience II 6-10 8 Normal
Restlessness III 6-10 10 Normal
Achievement IV 9-13 15 High
Domineering V 6-11 7 Normal
Workaholic VI 3-7 8 High
Grand Total 46-60 60 Normal


Interpretation of type A

In type A Table the Subject has got normal range in impatience, tenseness and domineering and restlessness with 8, 12 7 and 10 scores respectively. In case of achievement and workaholic he has got high range with 15 and 8 scores respectively. According to the ABBPS manual, achievement orientation is the need to achieve something worthwhile whenever there is a possibility; workaholic is one who has a tendency of doing something all the time. Overall in Type A his score is 60. Which mean normal range.

 Type B

Factors Group Division Normal  Range Obtained


Complacent I 8-13 12 Normal
Easygoing II 12-17 8 Normal
Non-assertive III 6-9 10 High
Relaxed IV 7-12 8 Normal
Patient V 8-12 13 High
Total 46-58 56 Normal



In Type B table the subject has got normal range in Complacent, Easygoing and Relaxed with 12 and 13 and 8 scores respectively. In Non-assertive and Patience factors he has got high range with 10 and 13 scores respectively. Non-assertive factors indicates that a person is not bold enough to have attention of other person; Patient is the ability to wait and work with ease and items. Overall in Type B the Subject has got Normal range with 56 score point.


This seems subject have both type A and Type B (AB) personality factornormal, we can clearly state that he behave or shows the type A and type B behavioral factor occasionally and does not demonstrate distinct tendency for either or the types. He may sometime typically as type A person, whereas behave typically as type B person on the other occasion.


In sum up, the subject has AB type of personality with normal range in both type A and B factors. Though he has high range in achievement and workaholic.  The subject may behave typically like type A occasionally. Similarly he has high range in Non-assertive and patience in next type B.  The Type B persons remain calm and patient even under stressful situations and have a lot of self-control. They are also very tolerant and flexible and can change in order to adapt to changes.


Mathews, K.A. (1962), Psychological perspectives on type A behavior pattern,

Psychological Bulletin, 91(2), 293-323.

Communicating Concepts: San Diego Figure Skating Communications

ANKUR psychological Agency

Lok Raj Pathak
Lok Raj Pathak Administrator

Lok Raj Pathak is a Professional Computer Engineer and Technology enthusiast. He has completed Master in Science in Information Technology (M. Sc. IT) and Master in technology in Computer Science and Engineering (M. Tech. Eng). He usually writes in science and technology, life style and religion.

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