The Adjustment Neurotic Dimensional Inventory(ANDI)
Adjustment is “the psychological processes through which people manage or cope with the demands and challenges of everyday life”. It is also a process by which a living organism maintains, a balance between the needs and the circumstances. In psychological literature, “Adjustment” is used in two senses: as process and as condition. A general style of life is evolved as a result of facing different stresses while striving to fulfill the needs of an individual which has relatively stable characteristic and this composite style of life has also been termed as adjustment. The two poles of this complicated dimension of personality are called good adjustment and maladjustment.
Good (1959) sates that adjustment is the process of finding and adopting modes of behavior suitable to the environment or the changes in the environment. Kul shrestha (1979) explained that the adjustment process is a way in which the individual attempts to deal with stress. People in the area of positive pole of this dimension are adjustable, well organized, satisfied with their life and efficient in their work. Their emotions are well controlled.
Psychoanalytic model defines adjustment as balancing different components of personality (id, ego, superego) at the unconscious level in such a way that workable balance of personality system is maintained along with a tolerable balance of instincts(sex and hate).Behaviorists perceive adjustment as the conditioning of those responses to different aspects of environment which enables the individual to receive rewards and to maintain logical expectations. In humanist model, adjustment is the process of growth and development of the self to the highest level as an actionist seeking and using stress as instrument to understand himself to increase his capacity, to invent new ways to solve problems and to recognize real goal and to achieve mental satisfaction by gaining self-determined meaningful goals.
Due to the increasing demands and challenges of everyday life ,such as, excessive materialism, rapid cultural change, family demands social demands, family and teacher’s high expectation from students, various adjustment problems has been occurred.
Neuroticism is proneness to be neurotic. This negatives pole has been attributed by several names as emotionality, emotional instability, maladjustment. Neurotic personalities are characterized by dissatisfaction,irritability,immaturity,selfcentredness,escapicism anxiety and worry. Profuseness and strong intensity of these negative conditions give rise to such distorted forms of maladjustment as neuroses and psychoses.
Recent notion of adjustment contains two supplementary orientations –both effective adaptation and modification, development and growth in immediate physical-social-psychological environment.
PURPOSE: To find out the status of adjustment and neuroticism of a subject using ANDI.
INFORMATION OF THE SUBJECT:
Name : Srijan Thapa (Changed)
Educational background: Post Graduate
Economic Status: Middle class
Date: Sep 17, 2018
Time: 12 pm – 1:30 pm
Place: Subject’s house
MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENTS
- Reusable booklet of ANDI Questionnaire
- Answer sheet
- Scoring Key
The Adjustment Neurotic Dimensional Inventory(ANDI) was developed by Dr. Ram Narayan Singh(Ghazipur) and Mahesh Bhargava(Agra) and published through Nadine Enterprises(Wazirpura, Agra). It is a test that measures the Adjustment and Neuroticism dimension of an individual. The ANDI contains a Reusable Booklet-a Questionnaire set, a Manual, Answer Sheet and Profile Sheet of ANDI and a Scoring key. The manual consists of Theoretical background, Details of the test and References. Theoretical background has a brief description of Adjustment Neurotic Dimension, a brief theory on Adjustment, Criteria of Adjustment(i.e.Happylife,WorkEfficiency,EmotionalControl,PliableAdaptability,Well Organized Personality, Self -Actualization and Development, Appropriate Social Feeling),Components of Super Adjustment and Neuroticism.
|S.N||Components of super adjustment||Components of Neuroticism|
|1||Self Esteem||Self Inferiority|
|6||Feeling of being healthy||Hypochondriasis|
Details of the present test contains Rationale and Utility, Measurement Design, Reliability and Validity, Instruction for Administration, Scoring, Norms and Interpretation. It has a reusable booklet which is Questionnaire set of 105 questions in all-15 each of 7 component dimensions. Each question entails three probable answers.(yes, uncertain, no). There is a separate answer sheet. According to mal-adjustment, appropriate answer bags score 2,while uncertain answer is weighted by 1.In this way scores obtained on this test indicate mal-adjustment, high scores show high mal-adjustment while low scores express adjustment. For each primary dimension separate total scores are to be obtained. For getting composite score or inter-dimensional comparisons there is provision for converting raw scores into normalized standard ten scores, N-sten. When testing is over, score for each dimension are determined by placing scoring key over the answer sheet as instructed. Scores falling in each column should be totaled and written in lower end of the column. This total score is the raw score of the related dimension. They are converted into sten scores by the help of norms table. Mean of the sten scores of the seven dimensions indicates relative status of the adjustment or the neuroticism of the testee. He sten scores 1 to 4 is indicates better adjustment whereas sten scores 7 to 10 indicates maladjustment and neuroticism. And sten scores 5 and 6 indicates average.
Method and Procedure
Two chairs were positioned in the ‘L’ position. The room was cool and bright. A table, pencil and pen was placed next to the subject for him to use it to write on. Water was provided.
“First of all I will request for your kind co-operation. Please let me make you clear that the test result may be useful to you only when you answer questions without hesitation or any reserve. Here are the instructions about how do we complete the test in this test booklet. Please read the instructions loudly and understand it. After this, read the questions carefully taking your time and encircle “yes or “no” as far as possible. Try your best not to response by “uncertain”. Your data will be kept confidential.”
Before starting administration a good rapport was established with the subject and made her clear about the test. Testing instructions were introduced before the subject before starting the test work. After filling details of the demographic information, one test booklet was given to the subject and another was kept with the test taker. Before answering administrator read the instructions loudly while subject read them silently along with her .After it is ascertained that the subject has understood the process of answering making all her doubts clear subject was asked to start answering. While answering, subject was inspected if she was doing the work rightly. When the subject asked any questions during the process of answering, the administrator answered that question in such a way that no hint was provided for any particular answer.
After finishing the test, the subject was asked how she felt about the test. The subject was released after taking her introspective report regarding the test taken.
Introspective report: “I answered them all clearly without hesitation. Wow, a lot of questions. I felt good. (Smile)”
|S.N||Dimension||Low Sten Score|
|1||Self-inferiority Vs Self-esteem||8|
|2||Depression Vs Happiness||10|
|3||Anxiety Vs Calmness||7|
|4||Obsessiveness Vs Naturality||5|
|5||Dependence Vs Independence||6|
|6||Hypochondriasis Vs Felling of being healthy||8|
|7||Guilt feeling Vs Innocence||7|
Profile Sheet of ANDI 1.3
The result (or the relative status of the adjustment or neuroticism) of the subject is indicated through the means of sten scores of the seven dimensions presented above the table.
1.2By the help of the obtained scores a graph is drawn in the profile sheet of ANDI as given in the figure 1.3.The interpretation of the each gained score of each dimension is given below.
The score 8 scored in the first dimension Self-esteem Vs Self-inferiority explains subject as sufficient self-confident, she takes herself able and useful, she believes that people looks her and she likes herself.
According to the score 10 on the second dimension Happiness Vs Depression, the subject is optimist, smiling face, buoyant mentality, satisfied with his existence, feels her life rewarded, maintains relation and balance with the world and takes interest in work.
The third dimension Calmness Vs Anxiety has 7 scores, where the subject is resistive to anxiety or phobia , calm and quiet, peace looking, sober.
Naturality Vs Obsessiveness is the fourth dimension where she scored 5. She has the quality of Looseness towards orderliness, cleanliness and systematization. She is easy going, flexible, lacks commitment and easily accepts change.
In the dimension, Independence Vs Dependence, he obtained 6 scores. This means she has adequate freedom and self dependence. She seeks realistic solution to problems, accepts oneself as the creator of one’s fate.
The score of sixth dimension, Feeling of being healthy Vs Hypochondriasis is 8 indicating him as accepting himself as healthy and she is not mentally disturbed by minor deviation from health.
Interpretation of the score 7 obtained in the seventh dimension Innocence Vs Guilt feeling is that she lacks tendency to punish himself for some behavior of the past or regret. She is flexible and realistic super-ego.
She has scored high stem score from 8 to 10 in depression and hypochondriasis of the seven dimensions hence she is in the negative pole of each of the given dimensions.
DISCUSSION & CONCLUSION:
Components factors of adjustment neuroticism have been mentioned in table 1.1The subject scored high stem score 10 to 8 in majority of the dimensions. Not one of them has been scored low stem score 4 to 1.Hence the subject is explained from the negative poles belonging to various dimensions. She has not all the components of the adjustment which are Self-esteem, Happiness, Calmness, Naturality, Independence, Feeling of being healthy and innocence. She has not good status of adjustment. She has some of the components of neuroticism and is mal-adjusted. She is proneness to neurosis.
She is in all the negative poles of the adjustment neuroticism dimensional inventory. she is not well adjusted personality. She cannot easily cope up with the situations. she is not process to neurotic and not mal-adjusted. She does not have the quality of becoming happy, satisfied and content in her life. she needed to consult clinical psychologist or psychiatrist.
Lok Raj Pathak is a Professional Computer Engineer and Technology enthusiast. He has completed Master in Science in Information Technology (M. Sc. IT) and Master in technology in Computer Science and Engineering (M. Tech. Eng). He usually writes in science and technology, life style and religion.